Parvovirus

What is Parvo?

Parvo is a common and potentially serious viral disease in dogs. Parvovirus attacks the lining of the digestive system which causes dogs and puppies to not be able to absorb nutrients and or liquids. puppies are especially prone to it because they have an immature immune system.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms are a high fever, lethargy, depression, loss of appetite, vomiting, and diarrhea which is particularly foul smelling.

How is Parvovirus infection diagnosed?

This disease is diagnosed by physical examination, signalment (age, vaccination status, breed, etc.), and a fecal Parvo (ELISA) test. Additional diagnostics include bloodwork and radiographs. Dogs infected with Parvo will typically have a low white blood cell count. Radiographs help rule out other potential causes for vomiting and diarrhea.

How is Parvovirus spread?

Parvovirus is spread through contact with feces containing the virus. The virus is known to survive on inanimate objects – such as clothing, food pans, and cage floors – for five months and longer in the right conditions. Insects and rodents may also serve as vectors, playing an important role in the transmission of the disease. This means any fecal material or vomit needs to be removed with a detergent before the bleach solution is used. The bleach solution should be used on bedding, dishes, kennel floors and other impervious materials that may be contaminated.

The normal incubation period (time from exposure to the virus to the time when science is the disease appear) is from 7 to 14 days. the virus can be found in DC several days before clinical signs of disease appear, and may last for 1 to 2 weeks after the onset of the disease. Adult dogs may be infected carriers without showing any clinical signs.